Coffee in Yemen is grown in mountainous areas at an altitude of between 1600 and 2100 m. High on the plateaus and in the valleys. Yemen is known for being the first place in the world where coffee was grown in an organized way . After it was brought to the region in the 15th century by Sufi monks. From there, it was exported from the 16th century from the port of Al-Makha, which gave rise to the name of the drink Mocha , known worldwide today.
PRODUCER - Coffee is grown on small terraced farms in the high mountains in very simple ways. All coffee is harvested by hand, grown using natural organic fertilizers and dried on raised beds or roofs of houses. Our lot would be purchased through Mocha Mill, one of the first exporters of premium coffee in Yemen. Mocha Mill embarked on a gourmet coffee journey in 2014 when they decided to conduct a feasibility study on growing and exporting gourmet coffee. Right after the first harvest, they were able to get coffee to the US to be overcooked and evaluated. This helped them to understand the quality but also the risks associated with incorrect processing. Unfortunately, in the same year (2014) a civil war broke out in the country, but it did not prevent them from continuing their journey. Over the years, they have created supply chains in 6 different regions of Yemen. During this time, in 2017, they built a dry mill in Samat, where they also invested in an optical coffee bean sorter, a state-of-the-art processing plant, and built warehouses for drying experimental coffee. In 2021, they processed and exported about 10 containers with selected coffee. Our coffee is a mix of several small growers and the variety is mainly Jaadi, which is a large tree known for its good production.
PROCESSING - All coffee in our lot was manually collected and processed by the dry method. After manual sorting, the cherries were dried on the roofs of the houses for 6 - 12 days. Subsequently, they were transported to a processing plant in Sana'a, where they were tasted and divided according to quality. Then the coffee is processed in a dry mill (peeled from the cherry), sorted on an optical sorter and packed in 30 kg bags.
VARIETY - Varieties that are grown in the local dry climate and under direct sunlight tend to deeper chocolate tones. But dry processing contributes to dynamic tartaric acidity , which adds dimension and fruit tones. Varieties in Yemen do not have their names according to regions or methods of origin. Most trees got their name from observing their external characteristics. Examples are Udaini, Jufaini and Jaadi, Dawairi and Tufahi. The names of some varieties translated from Arabic mean Crocus, Serious, Cyclic or My Apple.
Processing plant: Mocha Mill, Sana'a
Over. altitude: 1700 - 2100 m above sea level
Taste profile: plums, cocoa beans, apple strudel